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From a research perspective, health can be divided into a pathogenic and salutgenic approach. Pathogenic research focuses on explaining why certain etiological factors cause disease and how they are developed in the physiological organism. Salutgenic research is based on identifying wellness factors that maintain and promote health, rather than investigate factors that cause disease. In this article, different research fields are studied and psychosocially supportive elements that can promote health and well-being are identified.

The article shows how the salutgenic approach provides a basic theoretical framework for psychosocially supportive design in the physical environment. The result emphasizes that following factors can be psychosocial supportive and promote the individual’s health and wellbeing: daylight; good lighting; attractive and inviting space for social interaction; private and quiet space; landmarks; access to visual and physical nature, symbolic and spiritual elements, art, music, space for restoration; and interior design with positive distractions. The results also indicate that it is important to be in control of lighting, daylight, sound and social interaction. One of the conclusions is that it is time for decision makers to implement psychosocially supportive design. The conclusions indicate that psychosocially supportive design can promote health, well-being and also increase productivity and profitability.